CALL FOR PAPERS
Papers and book reviews are invited for an upcoming
special issue of Shibboleths devoted to Caribbean
philosophy and edited by Friedrich Ochieng'-Odhiambo. For more
information, please click HERE.
Other forthcoming issues include special issues devoted to
George Lamming (in honour of his 90th birthday), Derek Walcott (to
commemorate his passing), Frantz Fanon, and African Philosophy.
CALL FOR BOOK REVIEWS
Please send book reviews to the General Editor,
Richard Clarke, at this
Reviews, once accepted, are normally published in the two issues of
Shibboleths that appear in June and December annually, but may also
be published at other times of the year as the occasion arises.
All reviewers should follow the submission guidelines found below.
(Re)Thinking Caribbean Culture
Shibboleths: a Journal of
Comparative Theory and Criticism is a publication of Shibboleths
Publishing, Bridgetown, Barbados.
VOL. 4 ISSUE
1 (DECEMBER 2016)
Instructor, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados.
"Bloodline: Propinquity and Posterity in Maya Angelou's Poetry."
Numerous and extensive dedications and many poems about
family, friends, icons, and humankind generally signal the primacy
Maya Angelou places on relationships as a subject. Varied in
style, theme and implication, these poems help situate Angelou’s art
in her cultural bloodline for Fahamisha Patricia Brown who theorizes a
concern with relationship as particularly characteristic of women
poets in African American vernacular culture and a noteworthy gender
difference with men poets. They reflect, too, the varied
'stances' from which the women poets write and the concern for
succeeding generations to which Brown also points.
Cobley, Alan Gregor.
Professor of South African and Comparative
History and Pro Vice Chancellor and Chair, Board for Undergraduate Studies,
University of the West Indies.
"Out of Many, One People? Diaspora Studies, Postcoloniality, and the (Un)Making
of Caribbean Identities." 15-25.
This paper reviews the emergence of
diaspora studies over the past thirty years, with particular reference to the
study of the African diaspora in the Caribbean and the Americas. What were
the modes of transmission of black culture and consciousness in the Atlantic
world? How was black culture and consciousness shaped and given agency by
people of African descent in this region, and how influential was it in shaping
a wider Caribbean identity? What was the impact of other diasporas on the
emerging discourses on Caribbean identity during the late colonial and early
postcolonial periods? In answering these questions, the paper suggests, we
must given attention, not only to race and ethnicity, but to the complex
interplay of these factors with class and gender in shaping Caribbean culture
Lecturer in Literatures in
English, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados.
"The Novel, Jane Austen, and Anglo-Atlantic Modernity: Reading 'Beyond the
In this paper I examine the role that the early
English novel played in ‘narrating’ the interaction between British imperial
interests at ‘home’ and those abroad. I argue that while the novel
thematised English domesticity and class formation, an empirical epistemology
that was decidedly English and an examination of an English individual
consciousness, it also wrote the ‘story’ of empire and imperial possessions.
From Daniel Defoe to Jane Austen and beyond, the novel not only contained
Atlantic references and allusions but also represented England’s involvement in
Atlantic modernity. I argue that Jane Austen’s last published novel,
Persuasion (1816) breaks from the trajectory of her earlier novels, goes
somewhere new, through its dramatization of the role of the English navy in an
Atlantic modernity in which England’s domination of the seas – the creation and
maintenance of an 'empire of the seas' – played a significant role; thus the
title of my study here, "The novel, Jane Austen and Anglo-Atlantic modernity."
Lecturer in Literatures in English, University of
the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados.
"Concepts of a Cross-Cultural Imagination: Wilson Harris' Critical Vision
as a Way of Reading Narratives of Memory." 42-60.
of this discussion is to highlight the validity of Wilson Harris’s critical
approach in negotiating issues raised in imaginative literature, in particular
those narratives that employ the tropes of occluded voices or fragmentary
presences in their treatment of memory. In order to illustrate the viability of
Harris’s theory of a cross-cultural imagination, I will attempt to offer a
comparative discussion of four such narratives of memory: Derek Walcott’s
Omeros with David Dabydeen’s Turner and Toni Morrison’s
Beloved with Octavia Butler’s Kindred. The frame of my discussion
will highlight features of postcolonial theory in apposition to Harris’s
concepts concerning ‘conquistadorial legacies’ as they are applied to my reading
of these texts. In doing so, I hope to demonstrate how Harris’s perspective
offers more insightful and dynamic possibilities for approaching texts that
attempt to represent collective trauma.
University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados
"Three Men and a Diary: Freedom, Identity and Moral Judgement."
Right and wrong, good and bad, the ascription of moral
blame and responsibility are all elements of normativity indispensable to a
collectivity’s consideration of rights, duties and punishments. Responsibility
for actions may be a precondition for moral praise or condemnation, but to what
extent can individuals be responsible or blameworthy for their actions and
omissions? Freedom, in some way, must be a necessary condition for
individuals to be subject to normativity. What is the role of the notion
of the self, and what kind of self must be involved in decision-making?
This paper explores these ideas by looking at the theories of Jean-Paul Sartre
and Kwame Anthony Appiah and uses the diary of an 18th century
planter as a kind of case study to ground these notions.
Clarke, Richard L. W.
Senior Lecturer in Literary Theory,
University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados.
"Hybridity, the Athenian Male and Euripides' Ion."
In this paper, I argue that Euripides’s Ion is a play produced at a time
of radical social transformation and informed, thus, by a certain tension
between what Raymond Williams would term the residual, dominant and emergent
ideologies attendant thereon. I contend that the City Dionysia functioned
for the masculine Athenian spectator in a manner analogous to the Lacanian
mirror stage and was, as such, one of the most important ideological state
apparatuses in operation in fifth century Athens. The male spectator drew
a sense of his personal and social identity from the images portrayed on stage
in this annual communal event in the course of an interpellative process which
served in this way to foster civic cohesion. I n foregrounding an orphan in
quest of his identity, however, the Ion problematises this regime of
imaginary identifications by underscoring the protagonist’s sheer uncertainty in
the face of hybridity. Ion encounters on every side mongrelised and, thus,
uncategorisable phenomena as a result of which the hitherto unquestioned
distinctions inherited from mythic discourse between Athenian and foreigner,
male and female, gods and humans, etc. break down and the inherent alterity of
his own precarious subjectivity is foregrounded. This disintegration is as
much due, I will argue, to the egalitarian ethos of the dominant ideology of the
polis as it is to the pressures exerted thereon by the emergent ‘structures of
feeling’ that accompanied the increasing demands for equality on the part of
both women and foreigners in fifth-century Athens.